The best way to completely and fully understand and comprehend what society really is, it is best to focus on the elements and characteristics of society. By analyzing these elements, we can easily decide what it is and what it is made of. These are the fundamental elements of a society.
First of all, there has to be a group of people who all have something in common. It is the most essential or fundamental element of each society. Bigger or smaller groups, it does not really matter, all it matters is that society is always related to a particular group of people.
Now, this group lives together and share their common life and all that comes with it. This means that this group of people is bound by a strong sense of consciousness and the feeling of belonging and being accepted. First, these groups were just small communities but as they were growing, they developed a strong sense of unity through different things that were in common to all of them like language or religion.
Now, this group of people needs to share the same living space or the land. This is marked as a definite locality. It is one of the most important characteristics of a society. Whether we are talking about just one village, a town, city, country, continent or the whole world, the society is always a territorial group in its essence. It means that it is always bound to a definite territory where they reside.
This territory can be fixed even though it does not have to be. There are many people who choose to live like nomads, meaning that they constantly migrate from one territory to another. That is how they change their habitats but, they never change any of their culture, which in essence preserves who they are. Still, most of them are settled in one place and they derive their strong bond of solidarity and unity from the fact that they all share one territory. This leads us to community sentiment, a great feeling of belonging together.